List of National Parks in Kerala
Kerala is well known as the protected land of the country. The lushness of nature can be felt right from the borders of Kerala. Hence, one can experience well protected national parks in Kerala spread over 14 districts of the state. Let us go have a glimpse at the top list of national parks in the God’s own country.
Eravikulam National Park, Kerala
The park is situated well amidst the Wester Ghats and covers high altitude ranges of Idduki district. The mesmerising beauty of Eravikulam national park resembles the mountains of Alps. The national park was founded in 1975 and since then it is well protected and is a habitat to a wide range of flora and fauna.
April to June and September to November are the best seasons to visit the park, during monsoons the park is closed for the tourists. Aluwa railway station is close to the park, which is about 120 km from the popular city of Munnar. Few breathtaking sites which are close to the park are- Echo point, Atukkad waterfalls, Anamudi peak, forest rose garden and Lakkom waterfalls.
Periyar National Park, Kerala
It is one of the most popular and top wildlife sanctuaries in Kerala. The park is located in the high ranges of the magnificent Western Ghats and boasts of the best pieces of nature in the form of biodiversity and scenic beauty. It was in 1982 when the park was declared to be a national zone and opened for the visitors.
Besides the wildlife and natural bounty of the place, there are few sightseeing places nearby Periyar national park- Periyar lake, Pullumedu and Mangla devi temple. October to June can be the ideal climate to visit the park, during this time the safaris are open to the visitors. The nearest railway to the park is Kottayam, which is 114 km at a distance.
Silent Valley National Park, Kerala
It is known to be a mysterious national park in Kerala which covers around 273 sq km of area in the beautiful North eastern ranges of Palakkad. It is a home to varied number of animals, birds, plants and other natural elements, all of them reflecting a silent chaos; hence the park is given a name Silent Valley.
The park experiences heavy rainfall during monsoons and offers a unique freshness all over the place. December to April is the right season to visit the Silent Valley national park, and it is easy to reach from Palakkad station which is only 69 km at a distance.
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary, Kerala
The paradise for birds is located near the Vembanad Lake and is spread over 14 acres of vast land. The sanctuary is believed to be founded by an Englishman; however it was later managed by the government of Kerala. Some rare species of birds that can be spotted here are Kingfisher, Herons, Egrets, Indian Darter and many others.
June to August or the monsoon months are favourable to visit the park. However, to spot some migratory birds, winter season which is November to February is ideal. The park can be reached easily from Kottayam which is only 13 km away. It is a wonderful park, and visitors can enjoy a boat ride while spotting birds.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
It is a top biodiversity hotspot located amidst the stunning Nilgiri Mountains. This wildlife sanctuary in Kerala is a natural habitat to 34 mammal species, 29 snake species and 580 fauna species. There is a rich species of flora in the Chinnar wildlife sanctuary with 965 varieties overall. Winter season is the best time to visit the park as the climate is too hot and humid during summers and monsoons. Pollachi is the rail head which is close by the park and the distance in between is 60 km only.
Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The sanctuary is a scenic wonder in the enchanting Western Ghats. It also comes under the world’s heritage sites of the nation. It was founded in the year 1973 and turned into a tiger reserve in the year 2009. October to April is the best months to visit the wildlife sanctuary. Palakkad railway station is very close to the sanctuary, and the distance between the two is only 41 km.
Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The park is nestled in the Western Ghats near Neyyar River and is situated just 32km at a distance from the main city of Kerala. The park comes in the top list of national parks in Kerala and is a rich place when it comes to flora of the region. Some of the animals you can spot here are barking deer, Nilgiri Tahr, Bonnet Macaque, Leopard, Nilgiri Langur and others.
November to March is the best time to visit the Neyyar wildlife sanctuary as the climate is cool and moderate in the winter months. The sanctuary is only 32 km away from the Thiruvananthapurum station, which can be reached through buses and cabs.
Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The Aralam wildlife sanctuary is a part of top most Kerala wildlife sanctuaries which is spread over an area of 55 sq km. It is a thick forest which supports a huge diversity of fauna and flora. One can come across a variety of trees and rare animals in the region including wild dog, sloth bear, bonnet macaque, giant squirrel and lots others. November to May is considered to be an ideal time of visit. Thalassery railway station is only 55 km away from the sanctuary.
Idukki Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The Idukki sanctuary is a part of rich natural regions of Kerala. It is located 750 m above the sea and covers forest regions between Periyar and Cheruthoni rivers. The sanctuary is surrounded by a beautiful lake which is popular for the scenic beauty. Monsoons bring an appeal to the location and so is the best time for the visit. Kottayam railway station is only 87 km away from the sanctuary.
Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala
The diverse Kerala wildlife tourism includes Peppara wildlife sanctuary which was founded in the year 1938. It is an ideal place for adventure activities. It is an interesting region and ideal for nature lovers including ornithologists and wildlife enthusiasts. January to March is the perfect time to visit the park due to moderate climate. The nearest rail head to the sanctuary is Thiruvananthapuram station.
Other Wildlife Sanctuaries in Kerala
Anamudi Shola National Park
Mathikettan Shola National Park
Pambadum Shola National Park
Thattekkad Bird Sanctuary
Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary
Chimmini Wildlife Sanctuary
Peechi-Vaazhaani Wildlife Sanctuary
Chenthuruni Wildlife Sanctuary (Shenduruny Wildlife Sanctuary)