India has always remained an amazing destination for travel. With the presence of large number of unbelievably beautiful and awe-inspiring caves in India, the essence of travel can always be felt in the magnificent and marvellous caves that India houses.
List of Caves in India
Located on an island approximately 10 km east of Mumbai, it is evident that the closest airport and railway station to reach the Elephanta caves is in Mumbai. Once in Mumbai, a ferry from Gateway of India will help you reach the Elephanta caves. From November to March being the ideal time to visit, these caves are known for their beautifully-carved sculptures and is believed to date back to the 9th century AD. With the cave being dedicated to Lord Shiva, it undoubtedly portrays the excellence of skill and art of ancient India.
One of the most popular cave paintings in India are said to be found in the Ajanta caves, which are located 104 km from the city of Aurangabad. Jalgaon being the nearest railway station and Aurangabad airport being the nearest airport (currently), reaching these rock-cut caves couldn’t get any easier. The caves are said to date back to 2nd century AD and depict Buddhist religious art and universal pictorial art. October to March is considered the ideal time to visit these caves.
Built by the Rashtrakuta dynasty, the Ellora caves are located around 29 km north-west of Aurangabad. The Aurangabad airport and railway station are the nearest airport and railway station to reach the elegant rock-cut temples of Ellora. Consisting of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples, these caves harbour the Kailasa temple which is considered as the largest cave temple in India. Just like the Ajanta caves, October to March is the most ideal time to visit Ellora.
Situated north of Borivali on the western outskirts of Mumbai, the rock-cut monuments of these caves portrays the Buddhist influence of art in India. Dating from 1st to 10th century AD, these caves are easy to reach with Borivali station and the Mumbai airport being the closest sources of accessibility. The caves are carved purely out of basalt rocks. October to March is the most suitable time for a visit.
Unlike the famous caves in India, the Edakkal caves are natural caves located 25 km from Kalpetta in Kerala. With winter being the best time to visit, the Calicut airport and the Kozikhode railway station are the nearest airport and railway station to reach Edakkal. These caves are said to be one of the earliest centres of human habitation and are thus, one of the oldest caves in India.
Considering the Buddhist caves in India, Karla caves surely is one of the ancient Buddhist caves in India. Located in Karli, Maharashtra, these caves are nearest to the Lonavala railway station and the Pune airport and are further accessible by road. June to January is considered as the ideal time for visit. The caves are said to be of 100 AD.
Being the second largest cave in India, the Belum caves are naturally formed caves situated in the Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the second longest cave in India. The nearest railway station and airport to Belum caves are Tadipatri railway station and Hyderabad airport and can be further reached by road. The best time for visit is between August and December. The caves are a formation of stalagmite and stalactite.
The Pataleshwar Cave temple is one of the rock-cut cave temples in India that is situated in Pune in the state of Maharashtra. The nearest railway station and airport to this cave temple are both in Pune. It is easily accessible as it is located in the city of Pune. It is dedicated to Lord Pataleshwar. September to March is the preferred time of visit.
Undavalli caves may be deemed as a representation of the finest cave architecture in India. Located 22 km north-east of Guntur, these caves are nearest to the Kakinada Port railway station and the Rajahmundry airport. With comfortable access to the caves by road, the best time to visit the caves is between October and March. The caves are carved out of solid sandstone.
The Aurangabad caves are holy Buddhist places which are situated 2 km north of Bibi ka Maqbara in Aurangabad. It is easy to reach with Aurangabad airport and Aurangabad railway station being the nearest airport and railway station to the cave. October to March is the best season to visit the Aurangabad caves. The cave is located on a hill that adds to the serene beauty of the place.
The Borra caves are naturally formed caves consisting of stalactites and stalagmites located near the Araku Valley of the Visakhapatnam district. These caves are reached by road from the city of Visakhapatnam. Thus, the most preferable railway station and airport are those of Visakhapatnam. October to February is the most suitable time to visit these caves located at a height of about 705 m from the sea level.
Situated 8 km south of Nashik, Pandavleni caves are a group of 24 caves. These caves are few of the old caves of India. They were carved between the 3rd century BCE and 2nd century AD. They are places of Buddhist worship. They can be reached by road from the nearest railway station and airport situated in Nashik. The best time of visit is in winter, that is, between October and March.
Mahakali caves are a Buddhist monastery that is located in the east of Andheri in Mumbai. It is simple to reach these caves by road from the airport and railway station of Mumbai, which are the closest to the caves. The best season for visit is during winter. The place is carved out of black solid basalt rock.
Bhaja rock-cut caves are situated in near Lonavala in Pune. These caves are a holy place for the Hinayana Buddhists. They are nearest to the Lonavala railway station and the Pune airport. The caves can be reached via road from the railway station or the airport. The best time for visit is between the months of October and February. These caves consists of carvings of a woman playing table another woman dancing.
Situated in a small village named Kondana and 33 km north of Lonavala, the Kondana caves consists of a group of Buddhist caves. Not far away from Karla caves, these caves can be reached by road from Lonavala or Pune. The Pune airport and the Lonavala railway station are at the closest proximity to the caves. The best time of visit is during the winter season. The construction on wooden pattern in the cave is quite remarkable.
With such a huge list of caves in India to explore, a person can surely fill up his travel diaries with the magnificence of the caves in India. So, which cave are you planning to make a visit to first?